Gum Infection or disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and support the teeth. The three stages of gum infections from least to most severe are: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. There are numerous types of infections that can occur in the mouth, the majority of which take place in the soft tissues around the teeth. Generally, these are caused by bacteria that collect as plaque and sits along the gum line. Once these bacteria begin feeding on food particles and sugars in the mouth, they produce acidic waste that causes tooth decay, or cavities. This all begins with oral hygiene, or the lack thereof. Some people have more issue with bacteria than others, but in the majority of cases improving the way you take care of your teeth can help prevent plaque from causing as much damage. Gum Infections or disease is caused when bacteria (plaque) are not removed by daily brushing and flossing, luckily these infections preventable.

Causes of Gum Infections

1. Plaque: Gum Infections or disease is most commonly caused by plaque which is a thick film of bacteria forming on gums and teeth that daily brushing, flossing and rinsing can get rid of.

2. Smoking: Smoking interferes with the normal function of gum tissue cells, making your mouth more vulnerable to infections like gum disease.

3, Hormonal Shifts: During pregnancy or even during typical monthly menstrual cycles, hormones can rise and fall, making gums more susceptible to gum infections. Pregnancy does not mean you automatically have problems with your gums or teeth, it just shows that you should take extra-special care of your mouth during this time to maintain your oral health.

4. Prescription Medicines: Medications may have a side effect of dampening saliva production and flow, leaving a dry mouth where bacteria can more readily spread.

5. Nutritional Deficiencies: It’s hard work to get all the daily vitamins, but when you are not getting enough vitamin C, this could be especially harmful to the gums. A diet that is high in sugar and carbohydrates and low in water and vitamin C is a recipe for gum problems.

6. Crooked Teeth: There are common situation where the teeth overlaps and are crooked or rotate, this can create a breeding ground for gum disease. That is because the misalignments created more spaces where plaque can build up and harm the teeth and gums. 

7. Family History: Histories of gum disease in a family is something to be mention to the dentist, as it may put one at slightly increased risk for developing the bacterial infection.

Prevention of Gum Infections 

Preventing gum infections is as simple as implementing good oral hygiene plan. Doing this will prevent the buildup of bacteria that leads to the infections.

These Hygiene programmes Includes:

A.  Brush your teeth twice a day.

B. Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth.

C. Visit the dentist rountinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.

D. Don’t smoke.

E. Using an antibacterial mouth rinse to reach all the areas of the mouth your brush cannot reach 

Getting a Tooth Extraction? Here’s What You Need To Know

Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. If a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay, a dentist will try to fix it with a filling, crown or other treatment. However, sometimes, there's too much damage for the tooth to be repaired. In...

What Exactly Is A Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment is a dental procedure to replace a damaged tooth or infected pulp with a filling. Root canal therapy is performed when the pulp which is composed of nerves and blood vessels in the tooth becomes infected or damaged. It is one of the most common...

What are Dental Implants? Am I A Suitable Candidate?

Despite improvements in dental care, millions of people still suffer tooth loss either due to tooth decay, periodontal disease, or injury/accidents. For many years, the only treatment options available for people with missing teeth were dental bridges and dentures....

All-on-4 Implants In Singapore: Everything You Need To Know

What Are All-on-4 Dental Implants? Dental implants are used to replace missing teeth due to tooth decay, gum disease, and dental injuries amongst others. All-on-4 dental implants are a complete set of implants meant to replace your entire row of teeth. This may apply...

Getting Fluoride Treatment? Here’s What You Need To Know.

Fluoride is a natural mineral that can be found in many kinds of food and also in water. It is an important mineral that keeps tooth decay at bay. Fluoride, also the calcium in our teeth is lost through a process known as demineralisation where the enamel layer of the...

Understanding Dental Sleep Medicine & Its Purpose In Dentistry

Recently, people have considered the value of working with a dentist to manage their sleep-breathing problems, even though dental sleep medicine has been around for over three decades. It was first pursued in conjunction with other treatments (namely continuous...

Understanding Cosmetic Dentistry – Braces, Invisalign, Teeth Whitening & More

Some people still believe dentistry is just a case of filling and taking out teeth. In our society today, many people turn to cosmetic dentistry or aesthetic dentistry as a way of improving their appearance. Cosmetic dentistry is dentistry aimed at creating a positive...

Laser Teeth Whitening Explained

In today’s world, whitening of teeth is a prevailing restorative procedure that is non-invasive and produces beautiful very attractive white teeth. When we begin to advance in age, it is logical for our teeth to darken and it is caused when the mineral structures in...

Things to Know Before Getting Braces In Singapore

The desire for a perfect smile is unquestionable. Even back in 1600 BC, Egyptians wore an orthodontic-like form of object around their teeth made from animal intestines to realign their teeth. The desire has continued growing, and it's at the peak today, with a...

Things to Know Before Getting Teeth Whitening

Smile is an important social asset. An attractive smile makes a person more appealing to members of the opposite sex. Some people feel an unattractive smile can hinder a person’s career opportunity. In our society today, many people suffer from dental discoloration to...

Make an Appointment Today!

13 + 9 =

NoFrills Dental @ Marina Square

6 Raffles Boulevard,
Marina Square,
#B1-11
Singapore 039594

T: +65 6227 8885
E: [email protected]

NoFrills Dental @ Suntec City

3 Temasek Boulevard 
Suntec City (North Wing)
#03-317
Singapore 038983

T: +65 6337 7319
E: [email protected]

Call Us Today

+65 9007 1085

Follow Us

Partnered Programs & Insurance Plans