Gum Infection or disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and support the teeth. The three stages of gum infections from least to most severe are: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. There are numerous types of infections that can occur in the mouth, the majority of which take place in the soft tissues around the teeth. Generally, these are caused by bacteria that collect as plaque and sits along the gum line. Once these bacteria begin feeding on food particles and sugars in the mouth, they produce acidic waste that causes tooth decay, or cavities. This all begins with oral hygiene, or the lack thereof. Some people have more issue with bacteria than others, but in the majority of cases improving the way you take care of your teeth can help prevent plaque from causing as much damage. Gum Infections or disease is caused when bacteria (plaque) are not removed by daily brushing and flossing, luckily these infections preventable.

Causes of Gum Infections

1. Plaque: Gum Infections or disease is most commonly caused by plaque which is a thick film of bacteria forming on gums and teeth that daily brushing, flossing and rinsing can get rid of.

2. Smoking: Smoking interferes with the normal function of gum tissue cells, making your mouth more vulnerable to infections like gum disease.

3, Hormonal Shifts: During pregnancy or even during typical monthly menstrual cycles, hormones can rise and fall, making gums more susceptible to gum infections. Pregnancy does not mean you automatically have problems with your gums or teeth, it just shows that you should take extra-special care of your mouth during this time to maintain your oral health.

4. Prescription Medicines: Medications may have a side effect of dampening saliva production and flow, leaving a dry mouth where bacteria can more readily spread.

5. Nutritional Deficiencies: It’s hard work to get all the daily vitamins, but when you are not getting enough vitamin C, this could be especially harmful to the gums. A diet that is high in sugar and carbohydrates and low in water and vitamin C is a recipe for gum problems.

6. Crooked Teeth: There are common situation where the teeth overlaps and are crooked or rotate, this can create a breeding ground for gum disease. That is because the misalignments created more spaces where plaque can build up and harm the teeth and gums. 

7. Family History: Histories of gum disease in a family is something to be mention to the dentist, as it may put one at slightly increased risk for developing the bacterial infection.

Prevention of Gum Infections 

Preventing gum infections is as simple as implementing good oral hygiene plan. Doing this will prevent the buildup of bacteria that leads to the infections.

These Hygiene programmes Includes:

A.  Brush your teeth twice a day.

B. Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth.

C. Visit the dentist rountinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.

D. Don’t smoke.

E. Using an antibacterial mouth rinse to reach all the areas of the mouth your brush cannot reach 

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