Gum Infection or disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and support the teeth. The three stages of gum infections from least to most severe are: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. There are numerous types of infections that can occur in the mouth, the majority of which take place in the soft tissues around the teeth. Generally, these are caused by bacteria that collect as plaque and sits along the gum line. Once these bacteria begin feeding on food particles and sugars in the mouth, they produce acidic waste that causes tooth decay, or cavities. This all begins with oral hygiene, or the lack thereof. Some people have more issue with bacteria than others, but in the majority of cases improving the way you take care of your teeth can help prevent plaque from causing as much damage. Gum Infections or disease is caused when bacteria (plaque) are not removed by daily brushing and flossing, luckily these infections preventable.
Causes of Gum Infections
- Plaque: Gum Infections or disease is most commonly caused by plaque which is a thick film of bacteria forming on gums and teeth that daily brushing, flossing and rinsing can get rid of.
- Smoking: Smoking interferes with the normal function of gum tissue cells, making your mouth more vulnerable to infections like gum disease.
- Hormonal Shifts: During pregnancy or even during typical monthly menstrual cycles, hormones can rise and fall, making gums more susceptible to gum infections. Pregnancy does not mean you automatically have problems with your gums or teeth, it just shows that you should take extra-special care of your mouth during this time to maintain your oral health.
- Prescription Medicines: Medications may have a side effect of dampening saliva production and flow, leaving a dry mouth where bacteria can more readily spread.
- Nutritional Deficiencies: It’s hard work to get all the daily vitamins, but when you are not getting enough vitamin C, this could be especially harmful to the gums. A diet that is high in sugar and carbohydrates and low in water and vitamin C is a recipe for gum problems.
- Crooked Teeth: There are common situation where the teeth overlaps and are crooked or rotate, this can create a breeding ground for gum disease. That is because the misalignments created more spaces where plaque can build up and harm the teeth and gums.
- Family History: Histories of gum disease in a family is something to be mention to the dentist, as it may put one at slightly increased risk for developing the bacterial infection.
Prevention of Gum Infections
Preventing gum infections is as simple as implementing good oral hygiene plan. Doing this will prevent the buildup of bacteria that leads to the infections.
These Hygiene programmes Includes:
A. Brush your teeth twice a day.
B. Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth.
C. Visit the dentist rountinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.
D. Don’t smoke.
E. Using an antibacterial mouth rinse to reach all the areas of the mouth your brush cannot reach
It’s quite obvious right now in the radiology field that old-school, analog image acquisition and processing using films are about as inefficient as imaging can get. Most people also know that there are multiple ways to take your imaging into the digital age. Digital X-ray replaces the use of film and computed radiography (CR) plates with a direct digital transfer of X-ray images into the PACS.
Digital radiography is a mode of X-ray imaging that uses digital X-ray sensors instead of film or computed radiography. Some reasons for preference of Digital Radiography (X-ray) includes time efficiency as it bypasses chemical processing and can transfer and enhance images digitally. Also, less radiation can be used to project an image of similar contrast to conventional radiography. Instead of an X-ray film, digital radiography uses a digital image capture device. This gives advantages of immediate image preview and availability; elimination of costly film processing steps; a wider dynamic range, which makes it more tolerable to over- and under-exposure; as well as the capacity to apply special image processing techniques to enhance the overall display quality of the image.
Digital radiography provides so many advantages over the conventional film that it’s easy to see why practices are drifting towards digital dental X-ray systems in their numbers. It’s telling that dentists without digital X-ray imaging who plan to sell their dental practices are finding it difficult. Also, your patients expect to see modern technology in your office. When you go digital with DMC, you provide top-class, expert treatment to your patients while improving the rating and efficiency of your office, saving time and money.
Advantage of Digital X-ray
- Better quality of care: The equipment you use determines the way your patients perceive your practice. These days, patients are concerned about exposure to radiation, and conventional radiography can put you at a disadvantage. Digital X-ray reduces radiation exposure by 75% or more.
- X-ray image enhancement: Digital X-ray systems allow you control the exposure of each image in real time, so you can make pictures darker or lighter on demand. You can also enlarge images, make enhancements to color and superimpose textures.
- Improved X-ray image quality: Clarity and precision detail are crucial to dental imaging. Digital X-ray equipment provides image quality that supersedes traditional film, bringing out tiny fractures and imperfections that could have been missed on film.
- More comfortable use than conventional radiography: With just a small amount of training, the practitioner and their staff can quickly adapt to digital radiography equipment.
- Quick image sharing: Digital radiography gives your practice the ability to send images to other practitioners in just moments. Send digital X-rays while you’re talking on the phone or even while a patient is being treated.
- No chemical developers: No patient or even practitioner likes dealing with harmful developing chemicals and fixing solutions. Digital radiography eliminates the use of automatic film processors.
- No more lost images: Digital X-ray removes the risk of losing essential radiographs since they safely store your X-rays image with no worries.
Disadvantage of Digital X-ray
The disadvantage of digital X-ray is mostly related to the sensor. The sensors are expensive to buy, and also in the case of damage of the sensor, it requires high cost for replacements.